20 YEARS OF PAPUA DEVELOPMENT ROADMAP POST REVISION OF PAPUA OTSUS LAW
West papua news 2021 – The issue of West Irian in the 1950s was always drawn to diplomacy at the UN level. There is the Linggarjati Agreement, the Renville Agreement, there is also economic diplomacy. Indonesia pressured the Netherlands with its various economic diplomacy, especially to nationalize Dutch companies.
There is also government diplomacy, namely the establishment of the Province of West Irian whose capital is Soasiu (Tidore) with Sultan Abidin Syah as the first governor. There is also an aspect of the defense approach, and the endpoint is the New York Agreement. This long journey gives a note that there is a comprehensive effort.
Right now, the most important thing is how to look at Papua in the future. Actually, autonomy in Papua does not recognize volume one or volume two, because the main grip is still UU21/2001. The only thing that is repaired is the period of use of the two percent funds which is valid for up to 20 years. So the correction lies in timing, and there are a number of improvements. We must make corrections to the use of the Special Autonomy Fund. There is something that is not right, nor does it fit the needs.
Regarding development policies in Papua, there are three specific directions by President Jokowi in the Limited Cabinet Meeting on March 11, 2020. First, a thorough evaluation of the governance and effectiveness of the distribution of Special Autonomy funds. Second, the need for a new spirit, a new paradigm, and a new way of working. Namely, building a new system and design, a more effective way of working in order to be able to produce a leap in prosperity for the people of Papua and West Papua.
Third, the Papua and West Papua Special Autonomy policies were consulted with all components of the community in Papua and West Papua. So, there is the best policy that will make Papua and West Papua more advanced and prosperous.
In this 20-year journey, there have been fragments of policies that have been passed. There are affirmative policies for Papua, starting with Presidential Instruction 5/2007, as well as Presidential Decree 65/2011 concerning the Acceleration of Development in Papua. In the last five years, there have been two policies: In-pres 9/2017 and Inpres 9/2020. This Presidential Instruction emphasizes that there are five major commitment frameworks for managing Papua. Organizing Papua is to build Indonesia from the periphery, with the concept of Indonesia-centric, not Java-centric. Then, accelerate in the context of equitable economic development, human resources, infrastructure, and financial governance.
How to see Papua in the future? Based on the results of the Revised Papua Special Autonomy Law, which is now UU2/2021, we are faced with four development contexts. First, continue to encourage steps to accelerate development in West Papua. Second, the importance of division in Papua and West Papua. Third, the security aspect. Fourth, the political aspect.
The Master Plan for the Management of Special Autonomy Funding based on Presidential Instruction 9/2020 includes the transformation of the Indigenous Territory-based economy from upstream to downstream, improving the quality of the environment and disaster resilience, preparing superior, innovative, character and contextual Papuan human resources, preparing basic and economic infrastructure, and governance. governance and security while respecting human rights.
A new strategy and acceleration approach is needed in the development of Papua’s welfare. Namely, through governance, a culture-based approach, customary territory and respect for indigenous Papuans (OAP), focusing on the frontier (border), remote and outermost areas, a dialogue approach to all components of the community, assistance to the apparatus and the community, empowerment and active involvement of local communities, empowerment of OAP entrepreneurs, increasing cooperation and partnerships between the community, the private sector, and stakeholders.
In addition, an integrated management of public communication is also needed, increased cooperation in creating a comfortable and peaceful condition for the Papua region, and strengthening coordination of planning, implementation, and evaluation.
In this revision of the Papua Special Autonomy Law, there is a point about the importance of division for Papua and West Papua. The strategy is through the preparation of the basic design of the Papua regional arrangement, the preparation of the administrative and political processes, the strategy of government institutions, and the strategy for the participation of OAP. Then, security and political aspects.
The government through Bappenas and a number of ministries, specifically overseeing Presidential Instruction 9/2020, will also oversee the planning for the management of the Special Autonomy
Fund. Read More: The Papua Special Autonomy Fund has a Positive