THE CONTRIBUTION OF THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT TO PAPUA IS MUCH BIGGER THAN THE CONTRIBUTION OF PAPUA TAXES TO THE STATE
There is nothing special in the New York Agreement, except that there was a momentum for the return of Papua (at that time called West Papua) to the lap of the motherland through the Act of Free Choice which was mandated to be implemented in 1969. It happened during the UN General Assembly on November 19, 1969, which resulted in the Resolution PBB 2504/XXIV/1969 that the majority vote of the traditional leaders in Papua in the Papuan People’s Opinion (Pepera) wants to join Indonesia. This is what should be celebrated.
On the other hand, there are groups who want to mislead the history of the New York Agreement, which was signed on August 15, 1962. This is because this group interpreted that Papua was once independent, then submitted to the United Nations as a result of the New York Agreement for later determination of popular opinion. This is the way of thinking of these groups. In fact, the Dutch colonial at that time did not support this opinion or way of thinking.
The Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia, which was independent at that time, was from Sabang to Merauke. This is in accordance with international law which states that the territory of a newly independent state is the same or identical to the territory when it was colonized by a colonial state.
Actually, Law 43/2008 on State Territory is less clear. Territorial boundaries should be included in the Constitution, so that efforts to maintain an inch of territory were also considered by the government that was governing at that time. This is because violations of the Constitution can result in the impeachment of the government. This is also to fit and be in tune with the 1933 Montevideo Convention on the definition of a state.
Regarding the development of the Land of Papua (Papua Province and West Papua Province), in the context of accelerating development, Presidential Instruction No. 9/2020 regarding the existence of customary rights from the Seven Customary Territories that must be involved in the development of Papua.
This is the government’s good will. Regarding the new Papua Special Autonomy Law, there is an increase in the Special Autonomy Fund. The government’s intention is to increase its contribution in developing Papua. Our taxes from Papua are less than Rp 10 trillion. However, the national contribution to Papua can reach more than IDR 40 trillion per year. So it is wrong to say that the government is taking Papua’s wealth. This is because the government’s contribution to Papua is far greater than the tax contribution from Papua.
The problem is, many people rarely know the details. While hoaxes are milling about and are trusted by most people. The problem so far is that the Special Autonomy Fund has not been used for four strategic sectors, namely for education, health, infrastructure, and the people’s economy. In fact, what has happened has been that these funds have been enjoyed by groups that are contrary to the government. We need to be honest about this, so that we know where we are right now, and where we are going in the future.
So far, many Special Autonomy funds have been scattered in inappropriate places. Some are scattered in Singapore, some are scattered in Australia, in New Zealand, in Europe, America. In fact, sometimes it is scattered in the hands of Papuan terrorist separatist groups, so that they can buy weapons and ammunition, then kill both parties.
Don’t forget, there are also accusations from certain minority groups regarding human rights violations by the TNI/Polri in Papua, in Paniai Regency, in Wasior, as well as in Wamena. In fact, the results of research from Gadjah Mada University (UGM) show that the largest human rights violations were actually carried out by the Papuan Separatist Group (KSP) as many as 188 cases from 2000-2021.
These alleged thoughts actually provide ammunition for separatist groups to increasingly want to be independent from the Republic of Indonesia. Including making the New York Agreement the basis for Papuan independence. However, it has no historical value. (Extracted from the Moya Institute webinar on the topic: New York Agreement and Papuan Development’, on August 16, 2021.).
Read More: The New York AgreeMent About Papua