Development Papua and West Papua
In general, the acceleration of the development of Papua and West Papua is done through;
- improving access and quality of basic education services,
- improving access and quality of health services, improving food security,
- reducing poverty and social protection, basic infrastructure development, regional connectivity development, and
- institutional and governance development,
- Improving access and quality of basic education services, among others, is done through
the development of dormitory schools to cope with the gap problem in access and education services in the central highlands and other isolated areas;
- the development of vocational education, especially Vocational High School (SMK) in accordance with potential commodities in their respective custom areas;
- reduction of illiteracy through literacy education;
- the application of contextual curriculum education in Papua;
- improvement of teacher quality and provision of additional teacher quota to fill up the lack of teachers; and
- provide wider opportunities for junior secondary education and higher education for the sons of indigenous Papuans (OAP).
Increase in access and quality of health services, among others in the form of:
- improving the quality of maternal and child health services;
- improvement of healthy living community movement;
- development of Malaria Center;
- decrease in incidence of malaria, prevalence of HIV / AIDS and other infectious diseases;
- implementation of long-distance health services by utilizing telemedicine technology at National / Provincial / Regional Referral Hospital and other health facilities;
- the assignment of group (team based) health personnel for
a Healthy Archipelago, including poor and underdeveloped areas;
- the assignment of specialist doctors through the Obligation of Specialist Doctors (WKDS); and
- educational assistance of specialist doctors for the sons and daughters of Papua and West Papua.
Increase in food security, among others through:
- improvement of local food sovereignty;
- the development of a national food basket in Merauke to support the national food security program;
- development of an integrated local commodity processing industry and cohesive from upstream to downstream;
- increase in livestock industry to increase OAP’s revenues;
- enhancement of marine and fishery industries through empowerment of fisherman’s economy, and marine tourism; and provision
- and distribution of counterparts and extension workers to improve the effectiveness of local economic development and marketing.
Reduction of poverty and social protection, among others through:
- coverage expansion of the National Health Insurance Receipt (PBI);
- the implementation of Family Hope Program (PKH);
- improving the protection and welfare system for children and women; and
- improving and extending the provision of capital assistance to MSMEs and enhancing entrepreneurship for OAP.
Development of basic infrastructure, among others through:
- development of clean water services through the construction of groundwater sources that reaches all villages and isolated districts in other water-poor areas;
- development of healthy and habitable housing, and improvement of environmental sanitation in supporting clean and healthy living culture that reaches the villages and districts;
- construction of power plants, transmission and electricity distribution to power and illuminate villages and districts;
- construction of natural gas network for households (city gas network) along with pipeline transmission of city gas network in Sorong City; and
- construction of mini-hydro power plants in Pegunungan Bintang, Ilaga and Supiori areas.
Development of regional connectivity, among others through:
- development and preservation of Trans Papua roads and bridges, National Strategic Roads and Border Roads in Papua and West Papua Provinces to improve access and connectivity between provinces, regencies/cities, districts and villages to reduce overhead cost in the central highlands and geographically difficult to reach areas;
- increase airport and pioneering airports and aviation expansion paths that can reach isolated village areas and the implementation of air bridge services;
- improvement of seaports and river ports that can reach isolated village areas, and the implementation of subsidized sea freight transport; and
- development of telecommunication and information that
can reach the villages and districts.
Institutional and administrative development, among others through:
- improving the institutional capacity of provincial, district and municipal governments to improve the quality of public services;
- facilitation and assistance in the preparation and implementation of provincial (regional) and special regulations (perdasus), as mandated by the Special Autonomy Law;
- facilitation in handling legal issues related to custom land use for development purposes in Papua and West Papua Provinces; and
- implementation of the effectiveness of the love homeland program and national insight. The Priority Program development of underdeveloped regions is the implementation of Government Regulation No. 78 of 2014 to accelerate the development of underdeveloped or less developed regencies than other regencies.