Potential of Pelagic and Demersal Fishes in West Papua Waters Reach 842,600 tons / year
The economic empowerment activities of coastal communities undertaken by the government at the national, provincial and regency levels have also encouraged the increase in the number of fishing gears, particularly at the fishery lower-middle scale.
Assistance given in the form of fishery production facilities such as fishing gears (outboard motor, net, cooler) with revolving credit system has contributed significantly to the increase of fishermen’s catch.
Nevertheless, the production of capture fisheries in West Papua province is still far below the sustainable potential of Papua waters.
The potential for sustainable large pelagic fish in the waters of Papua is 612,200 tons / year, while the potential for sustainable demersal fishery is 230,400 tons / year.
Shrimp is one of the important fishery resource commodities, both in the export of fishery products and in foreign exchange contribution.
In Indonesia, there are more than 83 species of shrimp Penaeidea families that are distributed almost along the coasts of Indonesia. Among the types that exist, only a few have been utilized.
BASED ON WEST PAPUA PROVINCE’S FISHERY STATISTICS,MARINE FISHERY PRODUCTION FROM REGENCIES IN WEST PAPUA SHOWS ANNUAL INCREASE IN FISH CATCHES. THIS IS RELATED TO THE INCREASING TREND OF FISHERY HOUSEHOLDS(SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE) AND THE ADDITION OF FISHING GEARS, AS WELL AS THE GROWING INVESTMENT CLIMATE.
The types of shrimp that are important in Indonesia are;
- tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon),
- white shrimp (Penaeus merguensis)
- and pink shrimp (Metapenaeussp).
The density value of shrimp (tiger, white, and pink) is 0.364 ton / km2. Meanwhile, the Office of Marine and Fishery of West Papua province noted that the waters of Bintuni Bay have a shrimp potential of 0.041 tons / km2 / year and demersal fish of 1,059 tons / km2 / year.
In terms of its waters, high shrimp potential is found in the Arafura Sea, but its utilization rate has exceeded the national Total Allowable Catch which sets a maximum of 80% of the MSY (maximum sustainable yield) value. This means that nationally, the utilization of shrimp resources from the catch in the sea has been over exploited.
In Papua’s territorial waters, the main shrimp fishing areas include the southern coastal waters, including Sele Strait, Inanwatan waters, Bintuni Bay and the Arafura Sea, as well as the northern waters covering Mamberamo waters and the southern Yapen Waropen Island.
Shrimp fishery activities in West Papua Province tend to fluctuate from time to time. The accumulative increase or decrease in production is more due to the intensity of apprehending shrimp-catching vessels operating in the waters of West Papua.