Strategic Development Areas in Papua
The principle of regional development is Competitiveness; Cluster base; Building on existing and potential strength; Building of overall strategy; Priority, Data Driven-Fact Base; Consistent; Vision, Strategy, Plan, Implementation; Entrepreneurship; and Public Private Partnership.
Competitiveness not only job creation, which encourages the growth of a competitive region both nationally and globally, by spurring increased regional production and increased value-added products.
Cluster base is focusing on the development of potential and strategic clusters to encourage economic growth so as to attract the development of the surrounding areas.
Building on existing and potential strength not only reducing weakness is a natural resource-based development which is owned by enriching production chain to increase value added, including local wisdom.
Building an overall strategy (not just a list of actions), which is to build thoroughly all aspects, including social, economic, and environmental aspects.
Priority is to give priority and handling stage based on the available capacity for effective and efficient development.
Data driven-fact base that is planning, programming, and design based on correct, current, and accurate data andfacts.
Consistent, where development is done consistently and continuously according to plan. While Vision, Strategy, Plan, and Implementation is sustainability, structured, systematic, and massive.
While Entrepreneurship is creating formal and informal sector entrepreneurial opportunities by encouraging the growth of innovation and creativity.
Finally, Public Private Partnership, which is cooperation with the private sector to realize the development plan.
WPS-based development is a development approach that combines market development with “market driven” taking into consideration carrying capacity and environmental capacity.
WPS-based development focuses on the development of infrastructure to strategic areas, supporting growth acceleration of growth areas in WPS, and reducing disparities between regions within WPS.
Therefore, it is necessary to integrate planning between infrastructures with the development of strategic areas within WPS as well as synchronization of inter infrastructure programs (Functions, Location, Time, Magnitude, and Fund).
PUPR infrastructure support in the development of WPS is in the form of connectivity, which connects between clusters to increase growth and reduce disparities, and expedite the flow of goods and services.
Next is urban and industrial to support the economic growth of the region, Hinterland to improve the linkages between the functions of processing, production, and services, as well as communities in improving the quality of housing environment and housing provision.
In the island of Papua, there are four Strategic Development Areas (WPS), namely:
- WPS 31,
- WPS 32,
- WPS 33 and
- WPS 34.
WPS 31 is a new growth area of Sorong – Manokwari, which covers the national road of West Papua (Sorong – Manokwari) under very nice conditions;
- Sorong City (PKN) with an area of about 656.4 km2 and the population is 211,840 people (2013), GRDP 9.35 million per capita (2013);
- Sorong Industrial Area: 300 Ha with industrial type in the form of Wood and sea fish; Port of Sorong (Main Port class) with an area of about 128,236
m2 and cargo capacity of 500,000 TEUS (2014).
- Next is Sorong Airport (Airport Class 2) covering 57,790 m2 with a capacity of 3,393 people;
- Klasmesen Dam (Sorong City);
- FEF (Tembraw Regency) with an area of 591.05 km2 and 432 inhabitants (2013).
- Then, there is the Prafi Dam (Manokwari);
- Manokwari Port (Collection Port Class); city of Manokwari (PKW) with an area of 4,650.32 km ² and a population of 150,179 inhabitants (2013).
- Furthermore, there is Rendani Manokwari Airport with an area of about 90,000 m2, and Ran siki district (South Manokwari Regency) with an area of about 4,721 km² and a population of 8,817 inhabitants (2013).
- Next is WPS 32 (Biak – ManokwariBintuni), which is a growing center of growth. The WPS covers Manokwari City covering an area of 237.24 km2 and a population of 85,700 people.
Manokwari City has a HDI of 68.07 and GRDP of Rp 1,314 million. Next, there is Ransiki City with a population of 7,084 people and GRDP of Rp 175 million.
The next city is Bintuni with a total area of 421.75 km2 and a population of 18,552 people. Bintuni’s HDI number is 67.58 with a GRDP of Rp 6,796 million.
In this region, there are also LNG Main Oil activity, Bintuni Port (collection port), Bintuni Bay Industrial Zone with an harbor (collection port), and Saribi Port (local port).
Next, WPS 33 is the new growth region of Nabire – Enarotali – Wamena. In this region, there is Nabire port facilities (collection port), Kota Nabire (PKW) with a population of 82,437 inhabitants (2013) and an inhabited area of 127 km2.
Nabire City has a HDI of 68.02 and GRDP of Rp 1,089 million. Furthermore, there is Kota Kigamani (PKL) with a population of 11,326 people (2013) and the total area reaches 115.92 Km2.
Tigi City (PKL) with a population of 17,997 people (2013) and an area of 14.49 km2.
inhabitants (2010) and an area of 886 km2. Tiom City (PKL) in Lanny Jaya Regency with a population of 161,077 people and an area of 3,440 km2.
Wamena Airport (pioneer airport) with domestic airport category.
Wamena city (PKW) with a population of 48,640 inhabitants (2012) and an area of 249.31 Km2, HDI of 57.22 and GRDP of Rp 660 million.
Kobakma city (PKL) with an area of 328 Km2. Karubaga city (PKL) with a population of 15,582 people and an area of 312 km2.
The last is Mulia city (PKL) with a population of 87,248 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 575.16 km2.
The next WPS is WPS 34, the new growth area of Jayapura – Merauke, which includes KSPN Sentani with attractions such as Lake Setani, traditional Ase villages, coastal / marine tourism, and landscapes.
In this region, there is PLBN Skow and PLBN Sota. PKW and PKSN Merauke with a total area of 44.071 km ² and a population of 115,359 inhabitants (2011).
Merauke Regency has a HDI of 66.52 and GRDP of Rp 1,902 million.
Then, there is PKW and PKSN Arso with a population of 21,572 inhabitants (2014). This district has a HDI of 69.94 and GRDP of Rp 451 million.
The port of Merauke (international port Class III) covers an area of more than 6.5 Ha with a dock capacity of: 2×3 T / M³ / M².
Port of Jayapura (international port Class II) has an area of 5 Ha and a dock capacity of 100 thousand TEUs / year.
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PKL Waris in Keerom District) has an area of 911.94 km ² and a population of 3,263 inhabitants (2013).
KTM Senggi in Keerom District, KTM Muting and KTM Salor in Merauke District.
PKS Oksibil, with an area of 248 Km ² and a population of 7,454 inhabitants (2013), has a HDI of 49.83 and GRDP of Rp 328 million.
Furthermore, there is Kotabaru Development Plan Area, PKSN Tanah Merah with an area of 27.108 km² and a population of 30,147 inhabitants (2011) and a HDI of 51.42 and GRDP of Rp 584 million.
Next, there is KSPN Wazur-Merauke with tourist attractions such as Musamus, Border Monument, and Wazur Wildlife Reserve.