HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT IN WEST PAPUA IN EDUCATION
On September 29, 2020, the President of the Republic of Indonesia, Joko Widodo (Jokowi) issued Presidential Instruction (Inpres) Number 9 of 2020 concerning the Acceleration of Welfare Development in Papua and West Papua Provinces.
Human position has always been a central theme in every development achievement program. Human Resource Development is one indicator of a country’s progress. A country is said to be developed not only calculated from gross domestic income but also includes aspects of life expectancy and education of its people.
Best Investment in Education
Presidential Instruction Number 9 of 2020 is expressly an order from the President to Ministries/Institutions (K/L) and local governments to mobilize sectoral programs and funds, including the Special Autonomy Fund, to focus, integrate, and synergize in the implementation of accelerated welfare development programs.
Papua and West Papua need about 30,000 more teachers. The government can educate Papuan millennials by sending them to teaching faculties at leading universities in Papua and outside Papua, or even abroad. The graduates are then placed in local schools with various fields of knowledge.
Of course, this investment in education is one of the breakthrough steps for integrated, directed, and synergistic collaboration between ministries and institutions with local governments to create an advanced, prosperous, peaceful, and dignified society within the framework of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia (NKRI).
Educational Scholarships to Encourage West Papua’s Human Resource Development
The priority of the development of the education sector, basic education in Papua, is to provide quality education for students and to increase the professionalism of teachers in teaching.
Many government efforts to develop human resources include providing affirmation scholarship programs for Papuan children to study in other areas, especially in Java. Through affirmation scholarships, the public can access lectures in the fields of anthropology, socio-culture, mining, engineering, religion, and others.
The available affirmation scholarships are quite diverse, ranging from scholarships from the Education Fund Management Institute (LPDP), Bidikmisi, Adem Scholarships (Secondary Education Affirmations), Adik Scholarships (University Affirmations), and scholarships from NGOs or other NGOs.
The community is expected to maximize the opportunity to obtain affirmation scholarships. So that later, after graduating from college, they can return to their hometowns to develop Papua and West Papua.
LPDP Scholarship to Improve Excellent Human Resources
Through the Education Fund Management Institution (LPDP) scholarship program, the Ministry of Finance is committed to improving the quality of Superior Human Resources in Papua and West Papua. According to LPDP data, as of May 31, 2021, around 447 people have received LPDP RI scholarships.
For school purposes, 46.5% are abroad, and 53.5% are in the country. Based on the program, there are 73.8% for the affirmation program, 19.2% for the target group program, 6.7% for the general program, and 0.2% for the refill program.
In addition, the development of education service infrastructure in the two provinces can also encourage the future of the earth of Cendrawasih. In Papua, there are campuses of the Institute for Domestic Administration (IPDN) and the State Institute of Islamic Religion (IAIN) in Jayapura and Sorong.
The government continues to improve the quality of education in Indonesia because education is the key to civilization. Through education reform, the Government is trying its best to create an even and quality education.
Presidential Instruction Number 9 of 2020 in the short term can provide leverage to improve the welfare of indigenous Papuans. Whereas in the long term, through strategic approaches such as the fulfillment of professional teachers and also health by Papuan millennial youth, this Presidential Instruction has at least answered the basic problems in West Papua.
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