Reducing Inequality by Accelerating Infrastructure Development West Papua
Until 2019, the Ministry of Village, Development of Disadvantaged Area and Transmigration (DPDTT) is prioritizing the program of eradicating 80 disadvantaged areas to make it developed areas, from the 122 areas classified as disadvantaged areas.
In addition, the DPDTT Ministry is also prioritizing the acceleration of development in 39,091 disadvantaged villages and 17,268 villages that are very much behind.
The program is part of the National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMN)of 2015-2019 with a target of increasing the economic growth of under developed regions to 7.24 percent by 2019. Next is to reduce the percentage of the poor in disadvantaged areas to 14.00 percent and increase the Index Human Development(HDI) to about 69.59 percent.
In order for these targets to be achieved, a strategy that works is needed. Among other things is to utilize natural resources for the greatest prosperity oft he people, and implement the pattern of development by minimizing regional inequality.
Most important are qualified human resources, innovation, creativity and ability to apply the right technology. Next is to encourage investment that can increase people’s productivity.
As we know, the 122 under developed regions in Indonesia are spread in
- 19 regencies in Sumatera,
- 6 regencies in Java and Bali,
- 12 regencies in Kalimantan,
- 18 regencies in Sulawesi,
- 26 regencies in East Nusa Tenggara and West Nusa Tenggara,
- 14 regencies in Maluku, and
- 33 regencies in Papua.
Based from data, it is seen that thee astern part of Indonesia is the most abundant area. Therefore, there must be a policy effort to reduce the gap with the acceleration of infrastructure development, potential management, and development of a more independent transmigration area.
This is not certainly an easy job.There must really be a mature readiness in order for the target to alleviate the disadvantaged areas and make them better. At a minimum, the disadvantaged areas should already have access to areas with a running economy. Therefore, an exchange of economic value of society will exists.
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