Papua and West Papua Becomes a National Priority
The Ministry of Public Works and People’s Housing (PUPR) is gradually increasing the availability of infrastructure in Papua and West Papua to support connectivity in the two provinces.
Some implemented infrastructure projects have even become national priorities, as set out in Presidential Regulation no. 3 of 2016 on the Acceleration of the
Implementation of National Strategic Projects (PSN ).
list of National Strategic Projects in Papua and West Papua Provinces, among others, Development of Trans Papua roads, cross border roads and roads leading to cross-borders and construction of State Border Posts and Support Facilities at Skouw, Jayapura.
Planning of infrastructure development in Papua and West Papua in the Strategic Plan of the Ministry of PUPR for the period 2015-2019, from 35 National Strategic Development Areas (WPS), there are four WPS in Papua and West Papua, namely:
- WPS 31 Sorong-Manokwari,
- WPS 32 Manokwari-Bintuni,
- WPS 33 Nabire-Enarotali-Wamena, and
- WPS 34 Jayapura-Merauke.
The development of the infrastructure is not only to build infrastructure aimed at promoting economic development in urban areas, but it also builds border infrastructure aimed at reducing social, economic and regional disparities.
The budget allocation for infrastructure development in Papua and West Papua is considerable.
In 2015, the allocation of:
- Rp 5.66 trillion for Papua Province consisted of allocations for water resources amounting to Rp 576 billion,
- roads and bridges of Rp 4.26 trillion,
- settlements of Rp 281 billion and housing of Rp 415 billion.
In 2016, the allocation for:
- Papua amounting to Rp 5.06 trillion consisted of allocations for water resources of Rp 308 billion,
- roads and bridges of Rp 3.74 trillion,
- settlements of Rp 250 billion and housing of Rp 216 billion.
For budget year 2017, the allocation for:
- Papua amounting to Rp 4.96 trillion consisted of allocation for water resources of Rp 411 billion,
- roads and bridges of Rp 3.72 trillion,
- settlements of Rp 132 billion and housing of Rp 85.7 billion.
While the budget allocation for West Papua Province in 2015 amounted to Rp 3.96 trillion, which is divided into the allocation of:
- water resources infrastructure of Rp 775 billion,
- roads and bridges of Rp 2.48 trillion,
- settlements of Rp 405 billion and housing of Rp 78 billion.
In 2016, West Papua allocation amounted to Rp 2.53 trillion, divided into the allocation of:
- water resources infrastructure of Rp 499 billion,
- roads and bridges of Rp 1.28 trillion,
- settlements of Rp 255 billion and housing of Rp 183 billion.
In 2017, the allocation of West Papua increased to Rp 2.64 trillion, divided into the allocation of:
- water resources infrastructure of Rp 343 billion,
- roads and bridges of Rp 1.51 trillion, and settlements of Rp 129 billion.
So the total allocation of PUPR infrastructure development for Papua and West Papua in 2017 reached Rp 7.61 trillion.
The budget for infrastructure development for Papua and West Papua is also funded through the Special Allocation Fund (DAK), where in 2015, DAK funds for these two provinces amounted to Rp 1.59 trillion, by 2016 the funds increased rapidly to Rp 6.35 trillion and in 2017 it amounted to Rp 2.18 trillion.
In road construction, the government will complete approximately 112 km of Trans-Papua roads targeted for completion by 2018.
While in water resource infrastructure development, the PUPR Ministry is rehabilitating several irrigation areas.
In housing development, efforts are also made to improve the homes of uninhabitable residents, through self sufficient housing programs. Each is targeted at 3,500 units.
In addition, there are also special home programs built for fishermen, medical personnel, and religious leaders.
To improve the quality of settlements, slum areas are also handled through the program Without a Slum (KOTAKU) City which reaches 41 urban villages in Sorong and West Manokwari.
The border areas are also gaining a touch of development, where the PUPR Ministry has completed the construction of Skouw State Cross Border Posts (PLBN)
equipped with supporting infrastructure such as markets, so the PLBN areas can
serve as new centers for economic growth.