Merauke Food Estate Area To Become a National Food Production Center
The Ministry of Public Works and People’s Housing (Ministry of PUPR) has developed the acceleration of Merauke Trans Papua (MIFEE) development as an area that prioritizes food security, namely Development of Merauke Food Estate area, which is expected to provide direction for the development and embodiment of space structure in the region in accordance with carrying capacity and economic capacity potentials in the region.
In addition, this is intended as an effort to support the acceleration of integrated regional development between PUPR infrastructure, other sectors, and local government programs in order to improve the competitiveness of the region.
The agricultural sector is the most dominant in the economic growth rate of Merauke Regency, but the land use in Merauke Regency is still dominated by swamps amounting to 1,296,643 Ha, secondary dry land forests of 702,759 Ha, and primary dry land forests of 597,768 Ha.
While land built in the form of settlements is only 3.929 hectares. This is a great potential for agricultural development and infrastructure development in support of the agricultural sector and its processing industry in Merauke Regency.
Merauke Regency has a high environmental carrying capacity for the cultivation area of 45% with an area of2,093,316.44 Ha, a protected area of 55% with an area of2,558,027.40 Ha.
With a high cultivation carrying capacity, Merauke regency has potential as a national food production center.
In addition, Merauke Regency also has potential sources of raw water in the form of surface water which consists of theKumbe River Basin, Maro, Bian, Digul, and Buraka belong ing to lowland rain fed rivers and empties into the Arafura sea.
In addition, there are also quite extensive swamp basins such as the Biru swamp located at the east of the city of Merauke and always wet throughout the year.
The irrigation area of Merauke Regency is a part of the irrigation area of Papua Province whose management becomes the authority and responsibility of the Government, Provincial Government, and Regency / City Government.
In addition to the potential development of irrigation areas, Merauke Regency also has swamp potential that can be developed and utilized, especially for the development of food crop agriculture.
Potential development of tidal swamp in Okaba District is 736.621 Ha and only 296 Ha is used. Several other districts such as Kurik, Tanah Miring and Semangga also have the potential for tidal swamp development that are part of the Merauke food estate area.
Meanwhile, potential development for swamps in Kimaan, Salor, Jagebob,Muing, and Semayam is only in Kimaan, which is developed for food crops covering 443 Ha.
Other support is in the form of road network in Merauke Regency consisting of a national road network, provincial road,and district road.
Among them is Trans Papua that connects Merauke City to the border of Merauke Regency with Boven Digoel Regency. Furthermore, there is a provincial road network that connects districts in Merauke Regency.
Then there is a local road network that connects the villages within the district. In Merauke district, there are also many river docks that can be utilized and developed including Kumbe I dock in Malind district, Kumbe II in Semangga district, Bian I in Malind district,Bian II in Okaba and Buraka districts in Tubang district.
The development of Merauke Food Estate area is in three stages. Phase I covers 10 districts, phase II covers 2 districts andphase III covers 3 districts. Phase I is based on the existence of Special Economic Zone in Salor and Kumbe harbor.
PhaseII is determined through the consideration of the construction of Wanam Port as a point of distribution activities of food production.
Phase III is determined through the consideration of two ports in the area, namely Kimaam Port in the west and Bian Harbor inthe east, which is traversed by the district’s shipping lanes and supporting the ongoing distribution of food products in Merauke Regency.
By 2025, the number of residents of Merauke Regency is projected to reach 278,217 in habitants and does not result insignificant changes in each district so as not to have implications for the increasing need for regional infrastructure.
Development of Merauke Food Estate Area tries to meet the needs of agri cultural infrastructure as well as the infrastructure needs of the population as a system that can support the development of Merauke Food Estate.The Food Estate area makes rice as a commodity.Supporting agricultural crops consist of horticulture crops and plantations in the form of corn, soybeans, cassava, sweet potato and peanut, sugarcane, palm, rubber and sago, mango, rambutan and durian.
The Food Estate area is a sustainable National Food Production Center with the support of an integrated infrastructure. It develops urban areas with agropolitan concept, and developing rural areas as a food production center.
In addition, the Food Estate also develops a viable and healthy rural residential area through an integrated infrastructure support, enhances connectivity and transport links between rural areas, develops rural areas as a center for superior commodity production to support urban areas, and develops environmentally friendly agro industry.