Papua is Potential for Being the Biggest Sugar Cane Producer
One of the themes in Papua’s regional development is‘Accelerating the development of value-added local commodity-based industries in the sectors / sub sectors ofagriculture, plantations, livestock and forestry’.
In relation, Papua develops the MIFEE (Merauke Integrated Food & Energy Estate) with a land allocation of 1.2 million ha consisting of 10 Clusters of Agricultural Production Centers (KSPP).
Four Clusters of Agricultural Production Centers that have been developed are: Greater Merauke, Kali 2-3 Kumb, Yeinan, and Bian in Merauke regency.
For the medium term (period 2015-2019), the development is directed at the establishment of central areas of agricultural production of food crops, horticulture, livestock and plantation, and land fishery in Okaba, Ilwayab, Tubang, and Tabonji Clusters.
While for the long term (period 2020 – 2030), development is directed at the establishment of central areas of agricultural production of food crops, horticulture, livestock and plantation.
The superior potential of food crop agriculture in Papua includes rice, secondary crop and horticulture. The crops consist of corn, cassava, sweet potato, red fruit, peanut, soybean and green beans.
While horticulture consists commodities of vegetables and fruits. Based on BPS data in 2013, the production of food crops in Papua consists of maize production of 9,107 tons from a harvested area of 4,255 Ha, rice production of 199,362 tons from a harvested area of 58,634 ha, soybean production of 5,219 tons from a harvested area of 4,367 Ha, peanut of 2,693 tons from a harvested area of 2,551 Ha, the production of sago is 7,319 tons from a harvested area of 7,608 Ha, and the production of sweet potato of 455,742 tons from a harvested area of 34.100 Ha(2012), and cassava production of 51,120 tons from a harvested area of 4,253 Ha.
Plantation crops in Papua region that have the largest production and area are palm oil, coconut, cocoa, and coffee. Stretched the largest in Papua Province are palm oil, coconut and coffee production.
The development of palm oil plantations is quite high as palm oil expansion is widely developed in Papua.
In addition to palm oil, rubber plantation production in the Papua region as a whole is also quite large.
Rubber production in Papua has increased during the period of 2009-2013. In 2013, rubber production in Papua reached 2,308 tons with Papua Province dominating production at 2,281 tons.
The territory of Papua is also very potential to be a big sugarcane producer because it has land for large sugar cane production outside Java, which is 500,000 ha or 47% of the total sugarcane area outside Java Island.
In the field of livestock, the largest population of livestock in the Papua region is pig, beef cattle, and goat.
The largest pig population is in Papua province at 577,407 in 2012. In general, most of the live stock population is in Papua Province as compared to West Papua Province.
Fisheries and marine potentials in the Papua region are abundant because they have large territorial waters and also have the potential of various types of marine biota of high economic value.
The fisheries and marine sector is one of the leading sectors in Papua Province. Therefore, this sector has a very wide opportunity to continue development.
Most of the fishery production consists of marine captured fisheries located in Papua Province. In addition,there is also the potential of marine aquaculture, ponds, fish net , floating net and rice fields (mina padi).
Meanwhile, the largest marine aquaculture is found in West Papua Province, while the largest pond aquaculture is in Papua Province.
In addition to the development of the primary sector, the Papua region also has some potential for the development of secondary and tertiary sectors.
In the secondary sector,the Papua region has the potential to establish leading sector processing industries (downstream), especially red fruit, cocoa and coconut industry, agricultural and fishery product processing industries and mining, oil and gas industries.
While in the tertiary sector, tourism sector has great potential for development, especially natural tourism, maritime and culture, which is the destination of foreign tourists and local tourists, among them is Raja Ampat tourism object in West Papua Province.