ACCOMMODING THE SPECIALTY OF ORIGINAL PAPUAN PEOPLE (OAP)
West papua News 2021 – Papua now has a new Special Autonomy Law (Otsus). President Joko Widodo has signed Law Number 2 of 2021 concerning Special Autonomy for Papua, on July 19, 2021 in Jakarta. A new hope, as a legal instrument whose goal is to improve the welfare of Papuans.
Previously, the DPR first approved the revision of the Papua Special Autonomy Law in the Plenary Meeting forum at the DPRRI building, Senayan, Jakarta, on July 15, 2021. Special Autonomy for Papua has been running for 20 years, many things have been achieved, but many need to be improved, one of which is One of them is the uneven distribution of development between regencies and cities in the provinces of Papua and West Papua.
Ratification of the Revision of the Special Autonomy Law for Papua into a law after hearing all inputs from the Papuan people to improve welfare and development for the next 20 years. Both the Central Government and Regional Governments are expected to have the same understanding regarding the implementation of the Law. So, there is no difference in the application of the rule.
Many parties are optimistic that the Papuan special autonomy policy will become a strategic and effective instrument in solving a number of problems on the Earth of Cenderawasih in a comprehensive and dignified manner. Senior Papuan figure Michael Manufandu appreciates the performance of the Special Committee of the DPR RI which has revised the Special Autonomy Law for Papua.
According to him, the Special Autonomy Law for Papua is an effort to improve the welfare of the Papuan people within the framework of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia (NKRI). “The Special Autonomy Law is also a law on welfare for the Papuan people,” said Manufandu.
During the submission of the report from the Chairperson of the Special Specialist Special Committee for Papua, Komarudin Watabun to the deputy chairman of the Indonesian House of Representatives, Sufmi Dasco Ahmad at the Nusantara II Building, Senayan, Jakarta Thursday (July 15, 2021), the Chairperson of the Special Committee in his report said that there were 20 articles that underwent changes in this bill.
A total of 20 articles consist of 3 articles proposed by the Government that contain material regarding the Papua Special Autonomy funds, as many as 15 articles outside the proposed substance, plus 2 articles on material substance outside the law.
In these changes, continued Komarudin, the Papua Special Autonomy Bill accommodates the need for specific arrangements for Papuan Indigenous People (OAP) in the fields of politics, education, health, employment and the economy as well as providing support for the development of indigenous peoples.
In the political field, the Papua Special Autonomy Bill provides for an expansion of the political role for Papuan Indigenous People in membership in the DPRK, a new nomenclature to replace the DPRD which was initiated in the bill.
In the fields of education and health, the Papua Special Autonomy Bill regulates the obligations of the Government, Provincial Government and Regency/City Governments to allocate education and health budgets for OAP. Papua, must prioritize OAP.
In the field of empowerment, Article 36 paragraph (2) letter (d) stipulates that as much as 10 percent of the revenue-sharing fund is allocated for expenditure on assistance for the empowerment of indigenous peoples. In relation to the MRP and DPRP institutions, this bill provides legal certainty that the MRP and DPRP are domiciled in the provincial capitals respectively and provides confirmation that MRP members may not come from political parties.
In addition, this bill also stipulates that the Special Autonomy funds have been agreed to increase from 2 percent of the National General Allocation Fund (DAU) to 2.25 percent. Through the change in the governance of the special autonomy fund, it is hoped that various development problems so far can be resolved.
The Papua Special Autonomy Bill also stipulates the presence of a Special Agency for the Acceleration of Papuan Development (BK-P3), the expansion of the province in Papua, as well as the implementing regulations of this law which stipulate that the preparation of Government Regulations must be consulted with the DPR, DPD and Regional Governments in Papua and West Papua.