THE INDONESIAN HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES (DPR RI) PASSES THE PAPUA SPECIAL AUTONOMY BILL INTO LAW, THERE IS NEW GOVERNANCE FOR THE USE OF SPECIAL AUTONOMY FUNDS
West Papua News 2021 – The Second Amendment to Law No.21/2001 on the Special Autonomy of Papua Province has been ratified by the Indonesian House of Representatives into law. The revision was carried out because the previous law was not fully gratifying the sense of justice. In addition, government administration and the implementation of development in the Land of Papua are also seen as not being able to entirely achieve prosperity as well as support law enforcement and respect for human rights for the Papuan people.
The proposed amendment to this Law started since February 2, 2015, that is since the second year of the Indonesian House of Representatives for the 2014-2019 period. Six years later, on July 15, 2021, at the 23rd Plenary Session of the House of Representatives in its 5th Session Year 2020-2021, this bill officially became a law.
20 articles have been changed in this law. Out of the 20 articles, 3 articles came from the government’s proposal containing material on the Papua Special Autonomy Fund. Then, 15 articles were outside the proposed substance, and 2 more articles regarding material substance outside the Law.
The chairman of the Special Autonomy Committee for Papua, Komarudin Watubun, stated that the new Special Autonomy Law for Papua accommodates the need for special arrangements for indigenous Papuans in the fields of politics, education, health, employment, economy, as well as providing support for indigenous peoples’ development.
In the political field, there is an expansion of the political role for indigenous Papuans concerning membership in the District People’s Representative Council (DPRK), a new nomenclature to replace the Regional People’s Representative Assembly (DPRD). In the fields of education and health, the Papua Special Autonomy Law regulates the obligations of the government, provincial governments, and district/city governments to allocate education budgets for OAP (indigenous Papuans). In the employment and economic sectors, Article 38 has emphasized that in carrying out economic activities in Papua, it is mandatory to prioritize the OAP. In the empowerment sector, Article 36 paragraph (2) letter(d) stipulates that 10 percent of the Revenue Sharing Fund is allocated for expenditure on assistance for the empowerment of indigenous people.
In principle, in addition to the Papua Special Autonomy Fund, which has in-creased from 2 percent of the National General Allocation Fund (DAU) to 2.25 percent, the revised Papua Special Autonomy Law presents new governance in its use. There are two governance schemes, namely general revenue and performance-based revenue implementation.
Performance-based revenue implementation stipulates that a minimum of 30 percent is allocated for education and 20 percent for health. This regulation is a new scheme that is expected to improve education and health in Papua. Thus, the target for the welfare of indigenous Papuans can also be achieved.
The next new governance is the presence of indicators in the distribution of revenue from the Special Autonomy Fund. Among other things, it pays attention to the number of OAP, the level of geographical difficulty, and the construction cost index. Not only that, the mechanism for distributing the Special Autonomy Fund must also involve the roles of the central government and local governments.
The Regional Representative Council of the Republic of Indonesia (DPD RI) will also be involved in supervising the management of the Special Autonomy Fund. Its utilization also has a master plan determined by the Minister of National Development Planning/Head of National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas).
As a result, the implementation of this new law is expected to improve and refine various shortcomings in the previous implementation of the Special Autonomy. Thus, the allocation is more targeted and can increase the dignity
of the Papuan people, especially the OAP, and is able to overcome development problems that have occurred so far.