SECURITY AND ORDER IN PAPUA LAW ENFORCEMENT MUST NOT VIOLATE HUMAN RIGHTS
The security conflict in Papua is a concern because it has been going on for a long time and also covers various areas in Papua. That’s natural because Papua has its own peculiarities and specialties that we must both pay attention to. Apart, from that the resources are also amazing. Everything is in Papua, the problem is also in Papua.
What are the main tasks of the Police? Article 13 of Law 2/2002 concerning the Indonesian National Police stipulates transparently and clearly that the main tasks of the National Police are to maintain public security and order, enforce the law, and provide protection, protection, and services to the community.
Security and order are very dynamic conditions that exist in society. Dynamic is a prerequisite for carrying out the development process. The Medanese said: Where is the goods if they are not safe? So order and law enforcement in Papua is very fundamental. Because it will provide a calm, and comfort as well as to live.
Currently in Yalimo, the issue of election conflict causes our brothers and sisters to feel uncomfortable. They had to evacuate to find a safe area. They had to stay away from the area for fear for the safety of their souls. It is our duty as officers to provide protection, and protection as well as services to the community.
In our work, the approach is not always violence or things that make people afraid. In the current era, we are instructed to take a soft approach in order to provide protection and protection. We have done a lot. The Chiefs of Police, Kapolsek, synergize with all stakeholders, and traditional leaders, women, youth, communities.
They said: we don’t have to be scared like children. Now we are covered with various rules, norms, and laws that limit the space for steps, as well as providing signs. In Papua, we do that, making the concept of a School Teaching Police (instilling national insight into Papuan Orang Asli (OAP) children through creative games). This is a kind of extracurricular, but it is hoped that we can understand national love, Pancasila, and Citizenship Education, know about traffic, etc. This was conveyed through games and got a good response.
Another soft approach is the Binmas Noken Police (providing guidance to the OAP community in the fields of animal husbandry, plantations, agriculture, and beekeeping). Then, the affirmative action program (giving affirmations to OAP such as recruitment of Polri personnel, vocational development education, further education). This movement is designed to improve people’s lives through active participation and independent activities.
We encourage that the Papuan people are strong and great people. Papuans live in the land of heaven, everything is there, just rise from adversity and laziness. Some tangible forms are making chicken, goat farms, freshwater fish farms, cattle, plantations, and agriculture).
The Merauke Police Chief, for example, empowers the community by making ponds using coconut shells, making buttons, buying their work, then sending them to various regions, including Australia.
In addition, the National Police also held a Focus Group Discussion, coffee morning and interactive dialogue. The goal is to establish partnerships with local governments, religious leaders, traditional leaders, community leaders, and other elements of society, including opposing groups.
On the other hand, we are law enforcers. This is what we highlighted. In a case that is handled, there is always an attempt to resolve it amicably, negotiate, and return it through customary deliberations. It keeps on doing. We collaborate with human rights observers in the context of providing supplies in the field. We in enforcing the law must not violate human rights itself.
Criminal law enforcement is a last resort. The police prioritize restorative justice, enforce the law with a family approach, and are firm and measurable in accordance with laws and regulations while still upholding the principles of humanity. Sometimes we get obstacles and obstacles from Papuan brothers and sisters who impose their will. If you impose your will, it will harm other people. The function of intelligence is to investigate, protect, and raise. Whenever there are a threat and potential disturbance, we are there.
Several important incidents in Papua so far, for example, an Istaka Karya employee, a teacher who was shot dead by an armed criminal group (KKB) in Puncak Papua, to a Papuan COVID-19 worker who was killed in Intan Jaya by an armed separatist criminal group (KKSB). There are also many other notes that make us add strength.
The 1998 reforms brought both positive and negative impacts. Positive because it provides the widest possible freedom for everyone to express opinions. On the negative side, Papuan youths have formed a resistance movement to demand justice, which in the end ended with Indonesia. That’s a problem for the country. Actually not many, only groups.
Some are good according to the mechanism, for example conveying through speeches, but some is through acts of violence. We manage all of that with all the characters. If they want independence, that’s a problem, and the state will definitely refuse it.
If the police do not take action for violating the law, what will the world say? We are currently conducting operations in 14 provinces against the Papuan Student Alliance group. Want to receive a scholarship, want to ask for government funding, but talk about independence. It’s strange bin magic.
Many Papuan students were sent by the Governor of Papua to various countries to study, all of them were against the state. Especially now that social media is crazy. Hoaxes develop, so many clash with each other. So that dialogue must continue to be implemented. (Excerpted from the Moya Institute webinar on the topic of Security Conflict in Papua and its Solution, 23 July 2021).