West Papua Daily – west Based on the data of “Total Population by Region, Conformity of the Family Card (KK) Address with Residence, and Gender, Indonesia in 2020” by the Central Statistics Agency,there are 2,008,894 female residents in Papua (out of the total population of 4,303,707) or 46.68 percent and 536,940 female residents in West Papua (out of the population total of 1,134,068) or 47.35 percent. With the percentage of women in Papua and West Papua being almost equal to men, it means that the development of human resources should continue to include and encourage the involvement of women.

Although from a cultural perspective, Papua and West Papua tend to adhere to patrilineal principles. In their development, the Indonesian government continues to encourage the fulfillment of equal rights for women in Papua and West Papua.Law Number 2 of 2021 concerning the Second Amendment to Law No. 21 of 2001, which pertains to Special the Autonomy for Papua or the Special Autonomy Fund, contains significant changes aimed at improving the standard of living of Papuan Indigenous People (OAP). This includes the acceleration of development,special authority for districts/cities, and the representation of Papuan women as representatives of the people.In particular, Article 1 paragraph 5 concerning the Papuan People’s Representative Council (DPRP) lists women’s representation of at least 30 percent, and Article 246 paragraph 2 for every 3 (three) candidates there should at least be 1 (one) female candidate.


In the development of accelerating welfare distribution, the Indonesian Government continues to provide various privileges to Papuan Indigenous People (OAP), as stated by the Coordinating Minister for Political,Legal and Security Affairs (MenkoPolhukam) RI, Mahfud MD on 19 May 2021, including:

a. The governor and deputy governor must be OAP, while there is no such rule outside Papua. In addition, OAP may also become governor or deputy governor outside Papua.

b. The seat of the House of Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat/DPR) gets a minimum allotment of 25 percent. If there is an election and the OAP loses, it will be raised and those who have entered below 75 percent are removed even though they win the election. Therefore, the OAP has a fixed share as an affirmation.

c. The central government has allocated education programs for Papuan children by providing quotas for young people to be admitted in thebest universities in Indonesia. Related to this, Papuan children will not be tested, but it is enough to provide a

d. The Ministry is directed to recruit OAP as its members, including in the TNI and Polri. OAP can be recruited to become State Civil Apparatus (ASN) or members of the TNI and Polri through special conditions, so they are note quated with prospective participants from regions outside Papua.

These various privileges, which also goes with the support of the Special Autonomy Fund, can continue to be utilized by all Papuans and West Papuans regardless of gender. This will automatically contribute to the improvement of the Human Development Index in Papua and West Papua in the future. Currently,there are many women from Papua who have achievements in various fields, including the Minister of Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection, Yohana Yambise who is the first female Minister from Papua; weightlifter Raema Lisa Rumbewas; Putri Nere Patty, who was the first Miss Indonesia (2006) from Papua; and Presidential Expert Staff of the Republic of Indonesia, Dr. RiniS. Moduow. Through the Special Autonomy Fund, it is hoped that itcan become a leverage for developing Papuan women’s resources so that the list of outstanding Papuan women will continue to grow.

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