Territorial Boundaries And Geographical Conditions of the island of papua
The story of the uniqueness and greatness of Papua seems to be endless. Papua is the second largest island in the world after Greenland. The geographical condition of Papua Island, based on the map, is located in the eastern most part of Indonesia. Two countries control this island, which is Papua New Guinea in the east and Indonesia in the west.In the past, Indonesia named the western part of Papua island Irian Jaya Province. However, when the reform era came, there were demands to change the name of Irian Jaya back to Papua.
President Abdurrahman Wahid complied with the request. During an official state visit to Jayapura, Gus Dur announced the change on January 1, 2000.Indonesia soon after divided its territory on this island into two provinces, namely Papua and West Papua. Papua Island is very famous for being rich in metallic mineral resources such as copper, gold, and silver. A number of giant mining companies are exploring on the island of Papua, both in Indonesia and Papua New Guinea.
As quoted from Detik Travel, the following are the geographical conditions of Papua Island based on the map:
1. Astronomical location of Papua Island. Astronomically, Papua Island is located at 0º 20’ South Latitude (LS) to 10º 42’ South Latitude and stretches from 131º East Longitude (BT) to 151º East Longitude.
2. The area of Papua Island. Hundreds of ethnic groups inhabit Papua Island,which has an area of 785,753 km2. The island is also famous for its tropical rain forests which are home to tens of thousands of types of flora and hundreds of endemic plants. In addition, a variety of exotic animals can also be found on this island, including birds of paradise, Cassowary, Cuscus, Scham scham, Dingiso,and pig nosed Labi labi.
3. Papua Island Sea Boundaries
East Side: Seram Sea and Halmahera Sea
North Side: Pacific Ocean
West Side: Solomon Sea and Bismarck Sea
South Side: Arafura Sea and Coral Sea
4. Mountains on Papua Island Papua Island has the highest mountain in Southeast Asia named Puncak Jaya with a height of about 4,884 meters.In addition, there are other mountains such as:
Puncak Ngga Pilimsit
5. Rivers in Papua Island A number of rivers on the island of Papua have a length of more than 1,100 km such as the Sepik River and the Fly River in Papua New Guinea. This means that the length of the river is almost the same as the distance of Merak Port, Banten in the west of Java Island to Ketapang Port, East Java on the eastern tip of Java Island. The geographical conditions of Papua Island are based on maps with various contours ranging from mountains, valleys, forests, swamps up to the coast where these long rivers pass.
Some of the other rivers include:
With the layout, geographical conditions, natural structure, as well as the territorial boundaries and extent of the island of Papua, no one will ever doubt that one of the true wealth of the homeland of the archipelago is Papua. This wealth must be preserved and at the same time become the main source of the welfare of the Papuan people in particular, and the center of progress and pride of Indonesia in the eyes of the world.
Proud to be Papuan, and proud to have Papua, means being proud to be brothers with the original community.