The History of West Papua Stretches From Mountain Summits To Valleys.
Administratively, the boundary of West Papua province is bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the north,the Banda Sea and Maluku Province to the south, the Seram Sea and Maluku Province in the west, and the province of Papua to the east.
The province of West Papua is astronomically located at 124 ° -132 ° east Longitude and 0 ° -4 ° south latitude, or just below the equator.
The topographic condition of West Papua province varies widely, ranging from mountain peaks (7.95 percent) to valleys(18.73 percent), and plain terrains.
All regencies / municipalities in West Papua are bordered by the sea, but only 37.04 percent of villages are in coastal areas and most other villages (62.96 percent) are not in coastal areas.
The types of land in the Province of West Papua are in the form of
- rain forests and
The altitude of the territory in West Papua Province varies from 0 to > 1000 m.
This condition is one of the obstacles in the development of inter regional transportation,especially land transportation.
WEST PAPUA PROVINCE HAS A TOTAL AREA REACHING 97,024.37 KM²CONSISTING OF 10 REGENCIES (FAKFAK, KAIMANA, TELUK WONDAMA, BINTUNI BAY, MANOKWARI, SOUTH SORONG, SORONG, RAJA AMPAT, TAMBRAUW AND MAYBRAT), 1 CITY (KOTA SORONG), 154 REGENCIES, AND 1,421 VILLAGES.
Most of West Papua Province has as lope class of > 40%with a hilly region. This condition is the main obstacle for land use for the development of physical facilities and infrastructure, land transportation system and for the development of agricultural cultivation especially for food crops.
Therefore, the use of land in West Papua is more directed for forest conservation where one of the benefits is to prevent the occurrence of erosion and land slide hazards.
In geophysical terms, the tectonic evolution of the West Papua region is the result of the collision of the Pacific Ocean Plate and the Australian Plate.This condition causes the region to be vulnerable to earthquakes because it is in a large fault trajectory.
West Papua is an area that of ten experiences earthquakes and potential for tsunamis. The fault zone is a hig hearth quake prone zone, such as the areas of Sorong and Manokwari.
In West Papua province, there are several rivers that make up a number of Watershed Areas (DAS) and most are in several regencies included in the Sorong Development Area.
West Papua rivers included in the longest river category are
- Kamundan River(425 km),
- Beraur River (360 km), and
- the Warsamsan River (320 km).
Rivers in the widest river category are
- Kaibus River(80-2700 m),
- Minika River (40-2200 m),
- Karabra River (40-1300 m),
- Seramuk River(45-1250 m), and
- Kamundan River 140-1200 m).
Some rivers also are potential power plants because they have a fairly heavy current, such as the
- Seramuk River (3.06 km / h),
- Kaibus River (3.06 km / h),
- Beraur River (2.95 km / h),
- Aifat River (2.88 km /h), and
- the Karabra River (2.88 km / h).
The rivers that are scattered in some regencies / cities mostly flow in the Sorong Development Area and form in toa watershed system that flows through out the year.
Read More: West Papua News 2021